Thanks for this interesting article, however, I would like to know if the Co-Loader is the same as Slot Charterer or there is a difference?also how I can tell the difference between co-charger, Slot Charter, Consortium and Vessel Sharing. Thank you and appreciate your work 🙂 thank you A co-loader is a shipping company that has loading and unloading rights on ships that are not operated by them, and they get this directly from the ship`s carrier/operator by paying for slots on board that determined ship. This is different from a consortium or a ship-sharing agreement. Hello Muskan, yes Co-Charger is a carrier (shipping company) that loads its cargo on another airliner as part of an agreement between the lines. According to estimates, according to IHS Markit data, approximately 10-15% of the approximately 15 million TEUs sold in annualized trans-Pacific volumes to the east (in the United States) are sold on a CNF or prepaid basis, with marine freight organized by local shipping-based tanks in Asia. Since a neutral NVOCC is only a wholesaler and is generally not interested in establishing a direct relationship with customers, road hauliers are willing to buy them without exposing their customers to the risk of selling money. Emails with specific prices go beyond the weekly indices published by Drewry, Freightos or the Shanghai Shipping Exchange, displaying real prices between certain pairs of ports that allow direct comparisons with contract rates. Of course, contract rates between BCOs and carriers are generally annualized rates that come with capacity guarantees; Depending on the terms negotiated, they can be revised downwards if spot rates decrease. However, interest rate volatility can still be annoying for OCA`s looking for stability in their purchases of ocean container services, and in recent weeks, some BCOs have openly stated that volatility undermines their direct relationships. For example: Hugo Stinnes Schiffahrt and Hapag Lloyd are nominated as co-chargers on the MSC service to/from South Africa/Europe. MSC appoints Hugo Stinnes and Hapag Lloyd as co-loader with port and customs. Public marketing of interest rates creates price transparency that can be positive, but can also put pressure on the market; New published tariffs, particularly when they are lower than existing rates, are quickly purchased on the inter-market and can set new and lower benchmarks. According to IHS Markit, co-loading players such as Honour Lane Shipping, OEC and Seamaster were among the largest CNN in the Trans-Pacific East in the first half of 2017, which, according to IHS Markit, shipped well over 100,000 TEUs in the first six months of the year.